BURLINGTON -- May 19 is National Hepatitis Testing Day. The Health
Department reminds Vermonters at risk to get tested for Hepatitis C, a
form of viral hepatitis that is spread through blood to blood contact.
Based on national estimates, as many as 18,000 Vermont residents have
chronic Hepatitis C, also known as Hep C. About three-quarters of them
are unaware of their infection, because it can be years or decades
before symptoms develop.
There are two groups of people who are of particular concern when it
comes to Hep C. National data indicates that a significant number of
baby boomers (people born between 1945 through 1965) have the virus and
are unaware of it. People in this age group may have been exposed
through blood transfusions or other blood products received before
widespread screening of the blood supply began in 1992.
Others may have become infected from sharing injection drug equipment in the past.
The sharing of drug syringes is associated with most new cases of Hep C
infection. It is such an efficient route of transmission that injection
drug users are at the highest risk of acquiring the virus today.
"Evidence of this behavior-to-virus connection is playing out in rural
Indiana in an HIV and Hep C outbreak that's been in the news of late,"
says Patsy Kelso, state epidemiologist for infectious disease.
According to the CDC, as of April 21, 135 people were diagnosed with HIV in an Indiana community of 4,200 people.
Of these, 114 cases were found to be co-infected with Hep C. Injection
drug using behavior was reported by 108 of the cases, with four
reporting no injection drug use, and another 23 people not yet
"Vermonters who inject drugs can be hard to reach with programs designed
to help keep them healthy," said Kelso. "There is a high level of
stigma directed toward them."
Yet, according to the Health Department, Vermont has some resources in
place that might help to decrease the potential for an outbreak of the
magnitude that it is occurring in Indiana.
"The Health Department funds four syringe exchange programs throughout
the state intended to help people stop sharing injection equipment — the
route of transmission for Hep C and HIV," said Kelso. Syringe exchange
programs had to be set up on an emergency provisional basis in Indiana.
"We provide support for Hep C and HIV testing that is specifically
designed to be accessed by injection drug users at syringe exchanges and
other support programs in place to help this population," said Kelso.
For more information about Hepatitis C go to healthvermont.gov
or visit your local Health Department district office.
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